Journal of Apicultural Science

Pollen pellets as a medium for culture of mites Suidasia pontifica (Oud.) (Acarina, Suidasiidae)

Journal of Apicultural Science. Volume 53, Issue 1, Pages 37-42, ISSN (Print) 1643-4439
Bee-collected pollen was tested as a medium for the rearing of Suidasia pontifica. This species is an allergenic mite which is important when considering the implications of economic and sanitary conditions. This species sometimes occurs in bee's nests. Cultures and experiments were conducted under laboratory conditions, i.e. temperature - ca. +20EC, RH - near 85%, food - bee-collected pollen (pollen loads). Some obtained life parameters of this mite species (average data) are as follows: ontogenesis - 17.3 days; eclosion of adults - 87.0%; ratio of females - 54.0%; longevity of imagines - 26.1 days; productivity - 59.1 eggs per female lifespan. These results show the comparatively high biological potential of the mites and usefulness of flower pollen as an attractive and effective medium for laboratory culture of these mites. The acceptance of bee-collected pollen seems to explain the occurrence of mites and their population increase in the nests of bees.
Acarina, biology, mites, flower pollen, life parameters, rearing method, Suidasia pontifica
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